Web Accessibility for Designers
Great web accessibility starts in the design.
Structuring your design
Plan Heading Structure Early
Ensure all content and design fits into a logical heading structure.
Consider Reading Order
The reading order should be the same as the visual order.
Styling your text
Provide Good Contrast
Be especially careful with light shades of gray, orange, and yellow. Check your contrast levels with our color contrast checker.
Use True Text Whenever Possible
Watch the Use of Caps
All caps can be difficult to read and can be read incorrectly by screen readers.
Use Adequate Font Size
Font size can vary based on the font chosen, but 10 point is usually a minimum.
Remember Line Length
Don’t make it too long or too short.
Creating meaningful links
Make Sure Links are Recognizable
Differentiate links in the body of the page with underlines or something other than color alone.
Design Link Focus Indicators
Ensure keyboard users can visually identify a focused link. Use the standard dotted line or other non-color designators.
Design a "Skip to Main Content" Link
A link for keyboard users to skip navigation should be at the top of the page. It can be hidden, but should be visible when it receives keyboard focus.
Ensure Link Text Makes Sense on Its Own
Avoid "Click Here" in link text. Other ambiguous links, such as "More" or "Continue", can also be confusing.
Designing with color
Use Animation, Video, and Audio Carefully
If used, provide a play/pause button. Avoid flashing or strobing content: It can cause seizures.
Don’t Rely on Color Alone
Because users often can’t distinguish or may override page colors, color cannot be the only way information is conveyed.
Design Accessible Form Controls
Ensure form controls have descriptive labels and instructions. Pay close attention to form validation errors and recovery mechanisms.